Communications Engineering Lab
Prof. Dr.-Ing.  Laurent Schmalen KIT

Prof. Dr.-Ing. Laurent Schmalen

Curriculum

Awards Invited Talks and Presentations Full List of Publications

 

Education and Work Experience

1999 Secondary education at Lycée Classique Diekirch
2005 Dipl.-Ing. (cum laude) in electrical engineering and information technology from RWTH Aachen University
2011 PhD/Dr.-Ing. (summa cum laude) in electrical engineering and information technology from RWTH Aachen University at the Institute of Communication Systems and Data Processing
2011-2019 Industrial research at Bell Labs
2014-2019 Guest lecturer at University of Stuttgart

 

Research Topics

  • Channel coding and coded modulation
  • High speed data transmission
  • Optical communications
  • Transmission over channels with nonlinear characteristics

 

Member of Professional Associations

 

Awards and Recognitions

2021 IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology 2018 Best Paper Award
2020 ERC Consolidator Grant  [KIT press release]
2019 IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology 2016 Best Paper Award
2019 IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology Outstanding Reviewer Recognition
2019 Participation at the German-American Frontiers of Engineering Symposium (GAFOE) of the
Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung
2018 "Most Innovative AI Solution" at the Nokia Artificial Intelligence Conference
2018 Nokia ION Business Excellence Award
2015 Exemplary Reviewer Award of the IEEE Transactions on Communications
2014 Bell Labs President’s Award
2013 Bob Owens Best Student Paper Award at the IEEE Signal Processing Systems (SiPS) workshop
2012 Friedrich-Wilhelm-Preis of the RWTH Aachen University for outstanding scientific achievements in the PhD thesis
2012 Borchers-Plakette of the RWTH Aachen University
2011 E-Plus-Preis for an outstanding PhD thesis in communications
2010 Best Paper Award at the 9th ITG Conference on Speech Communication
2006 Friedrich-Wilhelm-Preis of the RWTH Aachen University for outstanding scientific achievements in the diploma thesis
2005 Springorum-Denkmünze for a diploma passed with distinction
2002 Aachen VDE Award

 

Selected Publications

  • B. Karanov, M. Chagnon, F. Thouin, T. A. Eriksson, H. Bülow, D. Lavery, P. Payvel and L. Schmalen, “End-to-end Deep Learning of Optical Fiber Communications,” IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 36, no. 20, pp. 4843-4855, Oct. 2018 [IEEEXplore Open Access], [arXiv]
  • V. Aref, N. Rengaswamy and L. Schmalen, “Finite-Length Analysis of Spatially-Coupled Regular LDPC Ensembles on Burst-Erasure Channels”, IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, vol. 64, no. 5, pp. 3431-3449, May 2018 [IEEEXplore], [arXiv]
  • L. Schmalen, A. Alvarado and R. Rios-Müller, “Performance Prediction of Nonbinary Forward Error Correction in Optical Transmission Experiments”, IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 1015-1027, Feb. 2017 [IEEEXplore Open Access], [arXiv]
  • F. Buchali, F. Steiner, G. Böcherer, L. Schmalen, P. Schulte and W. Idler, “Rate Adaptation and Reach Increase by Probabilistically Shaped 64-QAM: An Experimental Demonstration”, IEEE/OSA Journal on Lightwave Technology, vol. 34, no. 87, pp. 1599-1609, Apr. 2016 [IEEEXplore]
  • L. Schmalen, “A Low-Complexity LDPC Coding Scheme for Channels with Phase Slips”, IEEE/OSA Journal on Lightwave Technology, vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 1319-1325, Apr. 2015 [IEEEXplore]
  • L. Schmalen, V. Aref, J. Cho, D. Suikat, D. Rösener, and A. Leven, “Spatially Coupled Soft-Decision Forward Error Correction for Future Lightwave Systems”, IEEE/OSA Journal on Lightwave Technology, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 1109-1116, Mar. 2015 [IEEEXplore]
  • A. Leven and L. Schmalen, “Status and Recent Advances on Forward Error Correction Technologies for Lightwave Systems”, IEEE/OSA Journal on Lightwave Technology, vol. 32, no. 16, pp. 2735-2750, Aug. 2014 [IEEEXplore]
  • L. Schmalen, F. Buchali, A. Leven, and S. ten Brink, “A Generic Tool for Assessing the Soft-FEC Performance in Optical Transmission Experiments”, IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 40-42, Jan. 2012 [IEEEXplore]
  • L. Schmalen and P. Vary, “Iterative Source-Channel Decoding with Reduced Error Floors”, IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Signal Processing, vol. 5, no. 8, pp. 1577-1587, Dec. 2011 [IEEEXplore]
  • L. Schmalen, M. Adrat, T. Clevorn, and P. Vary, “EXIT-Chart Based System Design For Iterative Source-Channel Decoding with Fixed-Length Codes”, IEEE Transactions on Communications, vol. 59, no. 9, pp. 2406-2413, Sep. 2011 [IEEEXplore]

 

Invited Talks and Presentations

Dec. 2020 European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC), Brussels, Belgium
"End-to-End Learning in Optical Fiber Communications: Concept and Transceiver Design”
Nov. 2020 IEEE European School of Information Theory (ESIT), Stuttgart, Germany
"Spatially Coupled LDPC Codes - Theory and Applications"
Oct. 2020 Aston Mini-Symposium and Tutorial on numerical implementation of Bayesian filtering for signal equalisation and demodulation
"Bayes’ Theorem and the BCJR Algorithm – Swiss Army Knife for Communication Engineers”
Sep. 2020 IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC), Special Symposium for Machine Learning in Photonic Systems
"Optical Fiber Communication Systems Based on End-to-End Deep Learning”
Feb. 2020 DLR-MIT-TUM Workshop on Coding and Random Access, Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany
"Burst Correction Capabilities of Spatially Coupled LDPC Codes: Finite-length Analysis and Application Example"
Feb. 2020 KIT Karlsruhe, Workshop der ITG Fachgruppe KT 3.1 "Modellierung photonischer Komponenten und Systeme"
"Deep Learning zur Datenübertragung und Kanalapproximation in photonischen Systemen - Einführung und Anwendungsbeispiele" (in German)
Dec. 2019 TU Einhoven, van der Meulen Seminar organized by the Benelux Chapter on Information Theory.
"End-to-End Deep Learning of Optical Fiber Communications"
Oct. 2019 Chalmers University of Technology, DIMENSIONS project kick-off meeting. Keynote talk
"Design of “Low-Cost Optical Communication Systems Using Deep Learning - A Viable Solution?"
Aug. 2019 Information Theory Workshop (ITW) in Lyngby, Sweden
"Spatially Coupled LDPC Codes with Non-uniform Coupling for Improved Decoding Speed"
Jul. 2019 TU Munich, Guest Lecture
"Spatially Coupled LDPC Codes
June 2019 DTU Lyngby
"End-to-end Deep learning of Optical Communications using Bidirectional Recurrent Neural Networks"
Mar. 2019 International Conference on Advanced Optical Technologies in Erlangen, Keynote Presentation
"Communicate to the Limit – A Journey Towards Reliable Optical Communications and Beyond"
Mar. 2019 Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC) in San Diego, CA, USA, Workshop "Optical Experiments and Testing, With or Without FEC?"
"How to Evaluate Optical Transmission Experiments?"
Mar. 2019 Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC) in San Diego, CA, USA, Show-Floor-Programm "Innovations with Machine Learning in Optical Networks Drive Process Automation"
"Machine Learning in Optical Communications: Promises and Potential"
Mar. 2019 Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC) in San Diego, CA, USA, Shannon Theatre
"FEC and Shaping in Optical Networks"
Feb. 2019 DLR Oberpfaffenhofen, 2019 Oberpfaffenhofen Workshop on High Throughput Coding (OWHTC), DLR, Oberpfaffenhofen
"Spatial Coupling - Essential Technology for High Throughput Coding?"
Sep. 2018 European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) in Rome, Italy
"Performance Metrics for Forward Error Correction in Fiber-optic Communication Systems"
Jun. 2018 Bell Labs President’s Seminar in Murray Hill, NJ, USA
"Communicate to the Limit – A Journey towards Reliable Networks and Beyond"
Apr. 2018 TU Eindhoven, Eindhoven Workshop on Optical Communications (EWOC)
"Spatially Coupled Codes in Optical Communications: Technology for the Physical Layer and Beyond"
Mar. 2018 Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC) in San Diego, CA, USA
"Probabilistic Constellation Shaping: Challenges and Opportunities for Forward Error Correction"
Mar. 2018 Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC) in San Diego, CA, USA, Workshop on "DSP for Short Reach and Client Optics – What Makes Sense?"
"Forward Error Correction for Short Reach Communications"
Mar. 2018 Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC) in San Diego, CA, USA, Shannon Theatre
"FEC and Shaping in Optical Networks"
Feb. 2018 Chalmers Univeristy of Technology, KAW Energy Efficiency Workshop
"Spatially Coupled LDPC Codes – Potential Applications in Optical Communications and Recent Results"
Jan. 2018 TU Chemnitz
"Spatial Coupling - A Versatile Tool for High-Speed Communications Close to the Theoretical Limits"
Dec. 2017 Universität Siegen
"Spatial Coupling - A Versatile Tool for Communicating Close to the Theoretical Limits"
Oct. 2018 KIT Karlsruhe
"Channel Coding for High-Speed Communications – Recent Advances Using Spatially Coupled Codes"
Sep. 2017 DTU Lyngby, Special ECOC 2017 Symposium
"SASER – A European Success Story"
Jul. 2017 RWTH Aachen University, GfK-Kolloquium
"Kommunikation nahe der theoretischen Grenzen – von der iterativen Quellen-Kanaldecodierung zu optischen Hochgeschwindigkeitsnetzen"
Jun. 2017 Nokia AON (Agile Optical Networks) Tech Summit China, Beijing, China, Plenary Talk
"A Look into the Future of Optical Networks"
May 2017 Nokia AON (Agile Optical Networks) Tech Summit APAC, Sydney, Australien, Plenary Talk
"A Look into the Future of Optical Networks"
Apr. 2017 TU Eindhoven
"Channel Coding for High-Speed Optical Communications – Status and Recent Advances Using Spatially Coupled Codes"
Nov. 2016 Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL)
"Channel Coding for High-Speed Optical Communications – Status and Recent Advances Using Spatially Coupled Codes"
Jul. 2016 FAU Erlangen
"Channel Coding for High-Speed Optical Communications – Status and Recent Advances Using Spatially Coupled Codes"
Feb. 2016 Bell Labs Colloquium, Stuttgart, Germany
"Forward Error Correction for High-Speed Optical Communications – Status and Recent Advances"
Nov. 2015 Asia Communications & Photonics Conference (ACP)
"Next-Generation Forward Error Correction: Can We Close the Gap to the Shannon Limit?"
Oct. 2015 Télécom ParisTech
"LDPC Coding Schemes for Optical Communications Affected by Phase Slips"
Oct. 2015 IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC)
"Novel Forward Error Correction Concepts for Coherent Optical Communications"
Jun. 2015 IEEE Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications (SPAWC)
"Spatially Coupled Codes and Optical Fiber Communications: An Ideal Match?" (invited poster)
Dec. 2014 Workshop on Information Theory of Optical Fibers, TU Munich
"Code Design for Channels Affected by Phase Slips"
Dec. 2014 KTH Stockholm
"Forward Error Correction for Optical Long-Haul Networks – Challenges and Recent Developments"
Sep. 2014 European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) in Cannes, France
"Next Generation Error Correcting Codes for Lightwave Systems"
Mar. 2014 Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC) in San Francisco, CA, USA
"Energy Efficient FEC for Optical Transmission Systems"
Jan. 2014 Universität Stuttgart, Kolloquium of Faculty 5
"Forward Error Correction for Optical Long-Haul Networks – Challenges and Recent Developments"
Jul. 2013 RWTH Aachen University, GfK-Kolloquium
"Modulation and Coding in Optical Core Networks"
Sep. 2012 TU Kaiserslautern, Workshop "Iterative Receivers"
"Modulation and Coding in Optical Core Networks"
Oct. 2010 Bell Labs, Alcatel-Lucent, Stuttgart, Germany
"Iterative Source-Channel Decoding: Design and Optimization for Heterogeneous Networks"
Jun. 2008 Nokia Research in Tampere Finland, Flexcode Seminar "Turbo Source Coding"
Jun. 2007 Orange/France Telecom Research Lab Lannion, Flexcode Seminar
"Modern Techniques for Flexible, Iterative Source-Channel Decoding"

Full List of Publications

A complete list of publications can be found on my Google Scholar profile.

Journal papers

  1. A. Buchberger, C. Häger, H. D. Pfister, A. Graell i Amat and L. Schmalen, "Pruning and Quantizing Neural Belief Propagation Decoders," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., 2021, https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.13594
  2. S. Le, K. Schuh, F. Buchali, X. Du, M. Grözing, M. Berroth, L. Schmalen and H. Bülow, "Single Sideband Transmission Employing a 1-to-4 ADC Frontend and Parallel Digitization," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 38, no. 12, pp. 3125–3134, Jun. 2020
  3. A. Teixeira, D. Lavery, E. Ciaramella, L. Schmalen, N. Iiyama, R. Ferreira and S. Randel, "DSP Enabled Optical Detection Techniques for PON," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 684–695, Feb. 2020
  4. S. Le, K. Schuh, R. Dischler, F. Buchali, L. Schmalen and H. Bülow, "Beyond 400 Gb/s Direct Detection Over 80 km for Data Center Interconnect Applications," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 538–545, Jan. 2020
  5. A. Elkelesh, M. Ebada, S. Cammerer, L. Schmalen and S. ten Brink, "Decoder-in-the-Loop: Genetic Optimization-based LDPC Code Design," IEEE Access, pp. 141161–141170, Oct. 2019, https://arxiv.org/abs/1903.03128
  6. B. Karanov, D. Lavery, P. Bayvel and L. Schmalen, "End-to-end optimized transmission over dispersive intensity-modulated channels using bidirectional recurrent neural networks," Optics Express, vol. 27, no. 14, pp. 19650–19663, Jul. 2019, https://arxiv.org/abs/1901.08570
  7. B. Karanov, M. Chagnon, F. Thouin, T. Eriksson, H. Bülow, D. Lavery, P. Bayvel and L. Schmalen, "End-to-end Deep Learning of Optical Fiber Communications," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 36, no. 20, pp. 4843–4855, Oct. 2018, https://arxiv.org/abs/1804.04097
  8. A. Buchberger, A. i Amat, V. Aref and L. Schmalen, "Probabilistic eigenvalue shaping for nonlinear Fourier transform transmission," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 36, no. 20, pp. 4799–4807, Oct. 2018, https://arxiv.org/abs/1712.08467
  9. V. Aref, N. Rengaswamy and L. Schmalen, "Finite-length analysis of spatially-coupled regular LDPC ensembles on burst-erasure channels," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory, vol. 64, no. 5, pp. 3431–3449, May. 2018, https://arxiv.org/abs/1611.08267
  10. I. de Jauregui Ruiz, A. Ghazisaeidi, O. Sab, P. Plantady, A. Calsat, S. Dubost, L. Schmalen, V. Letellier and J. Renaudier, "25.4-Tb/s transmission over transpacific distances using truncated probabilistically shaped PDM-64QAM," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 1354–1361, Mar. 2018
  11. H. Bülow, V. Aref and L. Schmalen, "Modulation on discrete nonlinear spectrum: Perturbation sensitivity and achievable rates," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 423–426, Mar. 2018
  12. J. Cho, X. Chen, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, R. Dar, L. Schmalen, E. Burrows, A. Adamiecki, S. Corteselli, Y. Pan, D. Correa, B. McKay, S. Zsigmond, P. Winzer and S. Grubb, "Trans-atlantic field trial using high spectral efficiency probabilistically shaped 64-QAM and single-carrier real-time 250-Gb/s 16-QAM," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 103–113, Jan. 2018
  13. W. Lautenschlaeger, N. Benzaoui, F. Buchali, L. Dembeck, R. Dischler, B. Franz, U. Gebhard, J. Milbrandt, Y. Pointurier, D. Roesener, L. Schmalen and A. Leven, "Optical Ethernet—Flexible Optical Metro Networks," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 35, no. 12, pp. 2346–2357, Jun. 2017
  14. A. Ghazisaeidi, I. de Jauregui Ruiz, R. Rios-Müller, L. Schmalen, P. Tran, P. Brindel, A. Meseguer, Q. Hu, F. Buchali, G. Charlet and J. Renaudier, "Advanced C+L-band transoceanic transmission systems based on probabilistically shaped PDM-64QAM," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 35, no. 7, pp. 1291–1299, Apr. 2017
  15. W. Idler, F. Buchali, L. Schmalen, E. Lach, R. Braun, G. Böcherer, P. Schulte and F. Steiner, "Field trial of a 1 Tb/s super-channel network using probabilistically shaped constellations," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 35, no. 8, pp. 1399–1406, Apr. 2017
  16. L. Schmalen, A. Alvarado and R. Rios-Müller, "Performance prediction of nonbinary forward error correction in optical transmission experiments," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 1015–1027, Feb. 2017, https://arxiv.org/abs/1606.00755
  17. F. Buchali, F. Steiner, G. Böcherer, L. Schmalen, P. Schulte and W. Idler, "Rate adaptation and reach increase by probabilistically shaped 64-QAM: An experimental demonstration," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 34, no. 7, pp. 1599–1609, Apr. 2016
  18. A. Ghazisaeidi, I. de Jauregui Ruiz, L. Schmalen, P. Tran, C. Simonneau, E. Awwad, B. Uscumlic, P. Brindel and G. Charlet, "Submarine transmission systems using digital nonlinear compensation and adaptive rate forward error correction," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 34, no. 8, pp. 1886–1895, Apr. 2016
  19. C. Pan, H. Bülow, W. Idler, L. Schmalen and F. Kschischang, "Optical Nonlinear Phase Noise Compensation for 9x32-Gbaud PolDM-16 QAM Transmission Using a Code-Aided Expectation-Maximization Algorithm," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 33, no. 17, pp. 3679–3686, Sep. 2015
  20. A. Ghazisaeidi, L. Schmalen, I. de Jauregui Ruiz, P. Tran, C. Simonneau, P. Brindel and G. Charlet, "Transoceanic transmission systems using adaptive multirate FECs," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 1479–1487, Apr. 2015
  21. J. Renaudier, R. Rios-Müller, P. Tran, P. Schmalen and G. Charlet, "Spectrally efficient 1-Tb/s transceivers for long-haul optical systems," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 1452–1458, Apr. 2015
  22. R. Rios-Müller, J. Renaudier, P. Brindel, A. Ghazisaeidi, I. Fernandez, P. Tran, C. Simonneau, L. Schmalen and G. Charlet, "Spectrally-efficient 400-Gb/s single carrier transport over 7 200 km," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 1402–1407, Apr. 2015
  23. L. Schmalen, V. Aref, J. Cho, D. Suikat, D. Rösener and A. Leven, "Spatially coupled soft-decision error correction for future lightwave systems," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 1109–1116, Mar. 2015
  24. M. Beermann, E. Monzo, L. Schmalen and P. Vary, "GPU accelerated belief propagation decoding of non-binary LDPC codes with parallel and sequential scheduling," Journal of Signal Processing Systems, vol. 78, no. 1, pp. 21–34, Jan. 2015
  25. A. Leven and L. Schmalen, "Status and recent advances on forward error correction technologies for lightwave systems," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 16, pp. 2735–2750, Aug. 2014
  26. L. Schmalen, "A low-complexity LDPC coding scheme for channels with phase slips," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 1319–1325, Apr. 2014
  27. L. Schmalen, A. van Wijngaarden and S. ten Brink, "Forward error correction in optical core and optical access networks," Bell Labs Technical Journal, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 39–66, Dec. 2013
  28. L. Schmalen, F. Buchali, A. Leven and S. ten Brink, "A generic tool for assessing the soft-FEC performance in optical transmission experiments," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 40–42, Jan. 2012
  29. L. Schmalen and P. Vary, "Iterative source-channel decoding with reduced error floors," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Signal Process., vol. 5, no. 8, pp. 1577–1587, Dec. 2011
  30. A. Leven, F. Vacondio, L. Schmalen, S. ten Brink and W. Idler, "Estimation of soft FEC performance in optical transmission experiments," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 23, no. 20, pp. 1547–1549, Oct. 2011
  31. L. Schmalen, M. Adrat, T. Clevorn and P. Vary, "EXIT chart based system design for iterative source-channel decoding with fixed-length codes," IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 59, no. 9, pp. 2406–2413, Sep. 2011
  32. T. Clevorn, L. Schmalen, P. Vary and M. Adrat, "On redundant index assignments for iterative source-channel decoding," IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 12, no. 7, pp. 514–516, Jul. 2008

Book chapters

  1. A. Graell i Amat and L. Schmalen, "Forward error correction for optical transponders," in B. Mukherjee, I. Tomkos, M. Tornatore, P. Winzer and Y. Zhao (eds.), Handbook of Optical Networks, pp. 177–258, Springer, Oct. 2020
  2. L. Schmalen, S. Brink and A. Leven, "Advances in detection and error correction for coherent optical communications: Regular, irregular, and spatially coupled LDPC code designs," in X. Zhou and C. Xie (eds.), Enabling Technologies for High Spectral Efficiency Coherent Optical Communication Networks, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016, https://arxiv.org/abs/1704.04618
  3. A. Leven and L. Schmalen, "Implementation aspects of coherent transmit and receive functions in application-specific integrated circuits," in I. Kaminow, T. Li and A. Willner (eds.), Optical Fiber Telecommunications VI-A, Academic Press, Jun. 2013
  4. M. Adrat, T. Clevorn and L. Schmalen, "Iterative source-channel decoding & turbo decodulation," in R. Martin, U. Heute and C. Antweiler (eds.), Advances in Digital Speech Transmission, pp. 365–398, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd Chichester, UK, 2008

Conference papers

  1. A. Buchberger, C. Häger, H. D. Pfister, A. Graell i Amat and L. Schmalen, "Learned Decimation for Neural Belief Propagation Decoders," Proc. Int. Conf. Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Process.(ICASSP), Toronto, Canada, Jun. 2021, https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.02161
  2. T. Eriksson, R. Luis, G. Rademacher, B. Puttnam, K. Gümüs, L. Schmalen, A. Alvarado, H. Furukawa, N. Wada, T. Hirano, M. Sasaki and M. Takeoka, "Challenges in coding, DSP and parallel operation of quantum key distribution and coherent data transmission," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), Brussels, Belgium, Dec. 2020
  3. B. Karanov, P. Bayvel and L. Schmalen, "End-to-end learning in optical fiber communications: concept and transceiver design," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), Brussels, Belgium, Dec. 2020
  4. B. Karanov, V. Oliari, M. Chagnon, G. Liga, A. Alvarado, V. Aref, D. Lavery, P. Bayvel and L. Schmalen, "End-to-end learning in optical fiber communications: experimental demonstration and future trends," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), Brussels, Belgium, Dec. 2020
  5. B. Karanov, M. Chagnon, V. Aref, F. Ferreira, D. Lavery, P. Bayvel and L. Schmalen, "Experimental Investigation of Deep Learning for Digital Signal Processing in Short Reach Optical Fiber Communications," Proc. IEEE Workshop Signal Process. Syst. (SiPS), Coimbra, Portugal, Oct. 2020, https://arxiv.org/abs/2005.08790
  6. B. Karanov, M. Chagnon, V. Aref, D. Lavery, P. Bayvel and L. Schmalen, "Optical Fiber Communication Systems Based on End-to-End Deep Learning," IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC), Vancouver, Canada, Sep. 2020, https://arxiv.org/abs/2005.08785
  7. B. Karanov, M. Chagnon, V. Aref, D. Lavery, P. Bayvel and L. Schmalen, "Concept and experimental demonstration of optical IM/DD end-to-end system optimization using a generative model," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), pp. 1–3, San Diego, CA, USA, Mar. 2020, https://arxiv.org/abs/1912.05146
  8. A. Buchberger, C. Häger, H. Pfister, L. Schmalen and A. Graell i Amat, "Pruning Neural Belief Propagation Decoders," Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. Inform. Theory (ISIT), pp. 338–342, Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2020, https://arxiv.org/abs/2001.07464
  9. B. Karanov, G. Liga, V. Aref, D. Lavery, P. Bayvel and L. Schmalen, "Deep learning for communication over dispersive nonlinear channels: performance and comparison with classical digital signal processing," Proc. Allerton Annu. Conf. Commun. Control Comp., pp. 192–199, Monticello, IL, USA, Nov. 2019, https://arxiv.org/abs/1910.01028
  10. S. Le, K. Schuh, F. Buchali, X. Du, M. Grözing, M. Berroth, L. Schmalen and H. Bülow, "16x200 GBPS virtual carrier assisted DD transmission over 80 km with only 14 GHz of digitizer bandwidth," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), pp. 1–4, Dublin, Ireland, Sep. 2019
  11. L. Schmalen and V. Aref, "Spatially Coupled LDPC Codes with Non-uniform Coupling for Improved Decoding Speed," Proc. IEEE Inform. Theory Workshop (ITW), pp. 1–5, Visby, Sweden, Aug. 2019, https://arxiv.org/abs/1904.07026
  12. S. Le, K. Schuh, R. Dischler, F. Buchali, L. Schmalen and H. Bülow, "5x510 Gbps single-polarization direct-detection WDM transmission over 80 km of SSMF," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), pp. Tu2B–1, Mar. 2019
  13. K. Klaiber, S. Cammerer, L. Schmalen and S. ten Brink, "Avoiding burst-like error patterns in windowed decoding of spatially coupled LDPC codes," Proc. Int. Symp. Turbo Codes and Iterative Inform. Process. (ISTC), pp. 1–5, Hong Kong, SAR China, Dec. 2018, https://arxiv.org/abs/1810.01137
  14. L. Schmalen, "Performance Metrics for Communication Systems with Forward Error Correction," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), pp. 1–3, Rome, Italy, Sep. 2018
  15. M. Chagnon, B. Karanov and L. Schmalen, "Experimental demonstration of a dispersion tolerant end-to-end deep learning-based IM-DD transmission system," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), pp. 1–3, Rome, Italy, Sep. 2018
  16. M. Dia, V. Aref and L. Schmalen, "A compressed sensing approach for distribution matching," Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. Inform. Theory (ISIT), pp. 1266–1270, Vail, CO, USA, Jun. 2018, https://arxiv.org/abs/1804.00602
  17. F. Buchali, Q. Hu, M. Chagnon, K. Schuh, L. Schmalen and S. Makovejs, "Flexible Transmission Enabled by Novel M2-QAM Formats with Record Distance-Spectral Efficiency Tuneability," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), pp. W2A–54, San Diego, CA, USA, Mar. 2018
  18. L. Schmalen, "Probabilistic constellation shaping: challenges and opportunities for forward error correction," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), pp. 1–3, San Diego, CA, USA, Mar. 2018
  19. T. Eriksson, M. Chagnon, F. Buchali, K. Schuh, S. ten Brink and L. Schmalen, "56 Gbaud probabilistically shaped PAM8 for data center interconnects," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), pp. 1–3, Gothenburg, Sweden, Sep. 2017
  20. L. Schmalen, T. Eriksson, F. Buchali, R. Dischler and U. Gebhard, "Distributed transmission and spatially coupled forward error correction in regenerative multipoint-to-point networks," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), pp. 1–3, Gothenburg, Sweden, Sep. 2017
  21. F. Buchali, W. Idler, R. Dischler, T. Eriksson and L. Schmalen, "Spectrally efficient probabilistically shaped square 64QAM to 256 QAM," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), pp. 1–3, Gothenburg, Sweden, Sep. 2017
  22. J. Cho, L. Schmalen and P. Winzer, "Normalized generalized mutual information as a forward error correction threshold for probabilistically shaped QAM," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), pp. 1–3, Gothenburg, Sweden, Sep. 2017
  23. Q. Hu, F. Buchali, L. Schmalen, W. Idler, R. Dischler, V. Aref and H. Bülow, "Inter-channel crosstalk compensation for time-frequency packing systems," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), pp. 1–3, Gothenburg, Sweden, Sep. 2017
  24. Q. Hu, R. Dischler, K. Schuh, H. Bülow, L. Schmalen and F. Buchali, "Beating Bandwidth Limitation for High-speed PAM-4 Transmission Based on Turbo Equalizer," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), pp. 1–3, Gothenburg, Sweden, Sep. 2017
  25. O. Sab, I. de Jauregui Ruiz, A. Ghazisaeidi, P. Plantady, A. Calsat, S. Dubost, L. Schmalen, J. Renaudier and V. Letellier, "Near capacity 24.6 Tb/s transmission over 10,285 km straight line testbed at 5.9 b/s/Hz spectral efficiency using TPCS-64QAM and C-Band EDFA-Only," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), pp. 1–3, Gothenburg, Sweden, Sep. 2017
  26. Q. Hu, F. Buchali, L. Schmalen and H. Bülow, "Experimental demonstration of probabilistically shaped QAM," Advanced Photonic Congress: Signal Processing in Photonic Communications, pp. SpM2F–6, New Orleans, LA, USA, Jul. 2017
  27. A. Alvarado, G. Liga, T. Fehenberger and L. Schmalen, "On the design of coded modulation for fiber optical communications," Advanced Photonic Congress: Signal Processing in Photonic Communications, pp. SpM4F–2, New Orleans, LA, USA, Jul. 2017
  28. L. Schmalen, V. Aref and F. Jardel, "Non-uniformly coupled LDPC codes: Better thresholds, smaller rate-loss, and less complexity," Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. Inform. Theory (ISIT), pp. 376–380, Aachen, Germany, Jun. 2017, https://arxiv.org/abs/1701.07629
  29. J. Cho, X. Chen, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, R. Dar, L. Schmalen, E. Burrows, A. Adamiecki, S. Corteselli, Y. Pan, D. Correa, B. McKay, S. Zsigmond, P. Winzer and S. Grubb, "Trans-atlantic field trial using probabilistically shaped 64-QAM at high spectral efficiencies and single-carrier real-time 250-Gb/s 16-QAM," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), pp. 1–3, Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 2017
  30. K. Schuh, F. Buchali, W. Idler, T. Eriksson, L. Schmalen, W. Templ, L. Altenhain, U. Dümler, R. Schmid, M. Möller and K. Engenhardt, "Single carrier 1.2 Tbit/s transmission over 300 km with PM-64 QAM at 100 GBaud," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), pp. Th5B–5, Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 2017
  31. T. Eriksson, F. Buchali and L. Schmalen, "Nonlinear mitigation using probabilistically shaped real-valued modulation formats," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), pp. Th2A–61, Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 2017
  32. T. Eriksson, F. Buchali, W. Idler, L. Schmalen and G. Charlet, "Electronically subcarrier multiplexed PM-32QAM with optimized FEC overheads," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), pp. W3J–4, Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 2017
  33. F. Buchali, W. Idler, L. Schmalen and Q. Hu, "Flexible optical transmission close to the Shannon limit by probabilistically shaped QAM," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), pp. M3C–3, Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 2017
  34. Q. Hu, F. Buchali, L. Schmalen, W. Idler, R. Dischler, V. Aref and H. Bülow, "Transmit filter optimization for improved performance of time-frequency packing systems," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), pp. 1–3, Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 2017
  35. G. Charlet, A. Ghazisaeidi, R. Muller, J. Renaudier and L. Schmalen, "Signal processing for spectrally efficient systems," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), pp. Th4C–5, Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 2017
  36. L. Schmalen, L. Zhang and U. Gebhard, "Distributed rate-adaptive staircase codes for connectionless optical metro networks," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), pp. W1J–2, Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 2017
  37. L. Zhang and L. Schmalen, "Feed-forward staircase codes," Proc. Int. ITG Conf. on Source and Channel Coding (SCC), pp. 1–6, Hamburg, Germany, Feb. 2017, https://arxiv.org/abs/1604.06574
  38. F. Buchali, W. Idler, K. Schuh, L. Schmalen, T. Eriksson, G. Böcherer, P. Schulte and F. Steiner, "Study of electrical subband multiplexing at 54 GHz modulation bandwidth for 16QAM and probabilistically shaped 64QAM," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), pp. 1–3, Düsseldorf, Germany, Sep. 2016
  39. W. Idler, F. Buchali, L. Schmalen, E. Lach, R. Braun, G. Boecherer, P. Schulte and F. Steiner, "Field demonstration of 1 Tbit/s super-channel network using probabilistically shaped constellations," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), pp. 1–3, Düsseldorf, Germany, Sep. 2016
  40. R. Dischler, F. Buchali and L. Schmalen, "Embedded in-band DQPSK signaling within n-QAM data transmission," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), pp. 1–3, Düsseldorf, Germany, Sep. 2016
  41. F. Buchali, W. Idler, L. Schmalen, G. Böcherer, P. Schulte and F. Steiner, "Probabilistically shaped QAM for independent reach, spectral efficiency and bit-rate adaptation," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), pp. 1–3, Düsseldorf, Germany, Sep. 2016
  42. S. Cammerer, L. Schmalen, V. Aref and S. ten Brink, "Wave-like decoding of tail-biting spatially coupled LDPC codes through iterative demapping," Proc. Int. Symp. Turbo Codes and Iterative Inform. Process. (ISTC), pp. 121–125, Brest, France, Sep. 2016, https://arxiv.org/abs/1704.05408
  43. V. Aref, N. Rengaswamy and L. Schmalen, "Spatially coupled LDPC codes affected by a single random burst of erasures," Proc. Int. Symp. Turbo Codes and Iterative Inform. Process. (ISTC), pp. 166–170, Brest, France, Sep. 2016, https://arxiv.org/abs/1607.00918
  44. L. Schmalen, D. Suikat, V. Aref and D. Roesener, "On the design of capacity-approaching unit-memory spatially coupled LDPC codes for optical communications," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), pp. 1–3, Düsseldorf, Germany, Sep. 2016
  45. L. Schmalen and F. Buchali, "Implicit constellation shaping in regenerative optical networks," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), pp. 1–3, Düsseldorf, Germany, Sep. 2016
  46. Q. Hu, F. Buchali, L. Schmalen, W. Idler, R. Dischler and H. Bülow, "Improved Flexibility in Rate and Reach by Time-Frequency Packed QPSK," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), pp. 1–3, Düsseldorf, Germany, Sep. 2016
  47. A. Ghazisaeidi, I. de Jauregui Ruiz, R. Rios-Muller, L. Schmalen, P. Tran, P. Brindel, A. Meseguer, Q. Hu, F. Buchali, G. Charlet and J. Renaudier, "65Tb/s transoceanic transmission using probabilistically-shaped PDM-64QAM," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), pp. 1–3, Düsseldorf, Germany, Sep. 2016
  48. S. Cammerer, V. Aref, L. Schmalen and S. ten Brink, "Triggering wave-like convergence of tail-biting spatially coupled LDPC codes," Conf. Inform. Sciences Syst. (CISS), pp. 93–98, Princeton, NJ, USA, Mar. 2016, https://arxiv.org/abs/1507.01970
  49. R. Rios-Müller, J. Renaudier, L. Schmalen and G. Charlet, "Practical approaches to 400G single-carrier submarine transmission," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), pp. Th1B–4, Anaheim, CA, USA, Mar. 2016
  50. N. Rengaswamy, L. Schmalen and V. Aref, "On the burst erasure correctability of spatially coupled LDPC ensembles," Proc. Int. Zurich Seminar Commun. (ZSC), pp. 155–159, Zurich, Switzerland, Mar. 2016
  51. L. Schmalen, A. Alvarado and R. Rios-Müller, "Predicting the performance of nonbinary forward error correction in optical transmission experiments," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), pp. 1–3, Anaheim, CA, USA, 2016
  52. L. Schmalen, V. Aref, D. Suikat and D. Rösener, "Next-generation forward error correction: Can we close the gap to the Shannon limit?," Asia Communications and Photonics Conference (ACP), pp. AS3D–4, Hong Kong, SAR China, Nov. 2015
  53. L. Schmalen, "Novel forward error correction concepts for coherent optical communications," IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC), pp. 279–280, Reston, VA, USA, Oct. 2015
  54. R. Rios-Müller, J. Renaudier, P. Brindel, P. Jenneve, H. Mardoyan, L. Schmalen and G. Charlet, "Experimental comparison between super-channel and sub-band single-carrier for 400 Gb/s and 800 Gb/s transport," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), pp. 1–3, Valencia, Spain, Sep. 2015
  55. F. Buchali, G. Böcherer, W. Idler, L. Schmalen, P. Schulte and F. Steiner, "Experimental demonstration of capacity increase and rate-adaptation by probabilistically shaped 64-QAM," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), pp. 1–3, Valencia, Spain, Sep. 2015, https://arxiv.org/abs/1509.08836
  56. A. Ghazisaeidi, L. Schmalen, P. Tran, C. Simonneau, E. Awwad, B. Uscumlic, P. Brindel and G. Charlet, "54.2 Tb/s transoceanic transmission using ultra low loss fiber, multi-rate FEC and digital nonlinear mitigation," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), pp. 1–3, Valencia, Spain, Sep. 2015
  57. F. Buchali, L. Schmalen, Q. Hu and D. Che, "Low latency digital regenerator for dual polarization QAM signals," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), pp. 1–3, Valencia, Spain, Sep. 2015
  58. L. Schmalen, D. Suikat, D. Rösener, V. Aref, A. Leven and S. ten Brink, "Spatially coupled codes and optical fiber communications: An ideal match?," Proc. IEEE Workshop Signal Process. Advances in Wireless Commun.(SPAWC), pp. 460–464, Stockholm, Sweden, Jun. 2015, https://arxiv.org/abs/1505.05405
  59. J. Cho and L. Schmalen, "Construction of protographs for large-girth structured LDPC convolutional codes," Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun. (ICC), pp. 4412–4417, London, UK, Jun. 2015
  60. L. Schmalen, S. ten Brink and A. Leven, "Spatially-coupled LDPC protograph codes for universal phase slip-tolerant differential decoding," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), pp. Th3E–6, Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 2015
  61. R. Rios-Müller, J. Renaudier, P. Brindel, H. Mardoyan, P. Jenneve, L. Schmalen and G. Charlet, "1-Terabit/s net data-rate transceiver based on single-carrier Nyquist-shaped 124 GBaud PDM-32QAM," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), pp. Th5B–1, Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 2015
  62. W. Idler, F. Buchali, L. Schmalen, K. Schuh and H. Bülow, "Hybrid modulation formats outperforming 16QAM and 8QAM in transmission distance and filtering with cascaded WSS," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), pp. 1–3, Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 2015
  63. F. Buchali, W. Idler, L. Schmalen and K. Schuh, "Performance and advantages of 100 Gb/s QPSK/8QAM hybrid modulation formats," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), pp. Th2A–16, Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 2015
  64. H. Mardoyan, R. Rios-Müller, M. Mestre, P. Jenneve, L. Schmalen, A. Ghazisaeidi, P. Tran, S. Bigo and J. Renaudier, "Transmission of single-carrier Nyquist-shaped 1-Tb/s line-rate signal over 3,000 km," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), pp. W3G–2, Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 2015
  65. R. Rios-Müller, J. Renaudier, L. Schmalen and G. Charlet, "Joint coding rate and modulation format optimization for 8QAM constellations using BICM mutual information," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), pp. W3K–4, Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 2015
  66. J. Renaudier, R. Rios-Müller, L. Schmalen and G. Charlet, "Spectrally efficient 1Tb/s transceivers," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), pp. M2G–3, Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 2015
  67. A. Ghazisaeidi, L. Schmalen, I. de Jauregui, P. Tran, C. Simonneau, P. Brindel and G. Charlet, "52.9 Tb/s transmission over transoceanic distances using adaptive multi-rate FEC," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), Cannes, France, Sep. 2014
  68. F. Buchali, L. Schmalen, K. Schuh and W. Idler, "Optimization of time-division hybrid-modulation and its application to rate adaptive 200Gb transmission," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), Cannes, France, Sep. 2014
  69. L. Schmalen, "Low-complexity phase slip tolerant LDPC-based FEC scheme," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), Cannes, France, Sep. 2014
  70. L. Schmalen, D. Suikat, D. Rösener and A. Leven, "Evaluation of left-terminated spatially coupled LDPC codes for optical communications," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), pp. 1–3, Cannes, France, Sep. 2014
  71. C. Müller, A. Leven, H. Bülow, L. Schmalen, G. Leuchs and C. Marquardt, "M-ary phase shift keying receiver beating the standard quantum limit for any signal power," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), Cannes, France, Sep. 2014
  72. R. Rios-Müller, J. Renaudier, P. Brindel, C. Simonneau, P. Tran, A. Ghazisaeidi, I. Fernandez, L. Schmalen and G. Charlet, "Optimized spectrally efficient transceiver for 400-Gb/s single carrier transport," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), Cannes, France, Sep. 2014
  73. J. Renaudier, R. Müller, L. Schmalen, P. Tran, P. Brindel and G. Charlet, "1-Tb/s PDM-32QAM superchannel transmission at 6.7-b/s/Hz over SSMF and 150-GHz-grid ROADMs," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), Cannes, France, Sep. 2014
  74. L. Schmalen, V. Aref, J. Cho and K. Mahdaviani, "Next generation error correcting codes for lightwave systems," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), Cannes, France, Sep. 2014
  75. L. Schmalen and K. Mahdaviani, "Laterally connected spatially coupled code chains for transmission over unstable parallel channels," Proc. Int. Symp. Turbo Codes and Iterative Inform. Process. (ISTC), pp. 77–81, Bremen, Germany, Aug. 2014
  76. F. Buchali, A. Klekamp, L. Schmalen and T. Drenski, "Implementation of 64QAM at 42.66 GBaud using 1.5 samples per symbol DAC and demonstration of up to 300 km fiber transmission," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), pp. M2A–1, Mar. 2014
  77. F. Buchali, L. Schmalen, A. Klekamp, K. Schuh and A. Leven, "5x50 Gb/s WDM Transmission of 32 Gbaud DP-3-PSK over 36, 000 km Fiber with Spatially Coupled LDPC Coding," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), pp. W1A–1, San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 2014
  78. H. Bülow, X. Lu, L. Schmalen, A. Klekamp and F. Buchali, "Experimental performance of 4D optimized constellation alternatives for PM-8QAM and PM-16QAM," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), pp. M2A–6, San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 2014
  79. L. Schmalen, "Energy efficient FEC for optical transmission systems," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), pp. M3A–1, San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 2014
  80. H. Bülow, X. Lu and L. Schmalen, "Experimental analysis of transmission and soft decoding of optimized 4D constellations," Asia Communications and Photonics Conference (ACP), pp. AF4C–1, Beijing, China, Nov. 2013
  81. M. Beermann, E. Monzo, L. Schmalen and P. Vary, "High speed decoding of non-binary irregular LDPC codes using GPUs," Proc. IEEE Workshop Signal Process. Syst. (SiPS), pp. 36–41, Taipei, Taiwan, Oct. 2013
  82. V. Aref, L. Schmalen and S. ten Brink, "On the convergence speed of spatially coupled LDPC ensembles," Proc. Allerton Annu. Conf. Commun. Control Comp., pp. 342–349, Monticello, IL, USA, Oct. 2013, Full proofs available at https://arxiv.org/abs/1307.3780
  83. H. Bülow, X. Lu and L. Schmalen, "Experimental analysis of single carrier POLQAM (6Pol-QPSK) transmission with soft-decoding," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), pp. 1–3, London, UK, Sep. 2013
  84. M. Salsi, R. Rios-Müller, J. Renaudier, P. Tran, L. Schmalen, A. Ghazisaeidi, H. Mardoyan, P. Brindel, G. Charlet and S. Bigo, "38.75 Tb/s transmission experiment over transoceanic distance," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), pp. 1–3, London, UK, Sep. 2013
  85. H. Bülow, X. Lu and L. Schmalen, "Experimental Analysis of Single Carrier POLQAM (6Pol-QPSK) Transmission with Soft-Decoding," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), London, UK, Sep. 2013
  86. J. Renaudier, R. Rios-Muller, L. Schmalen, M. Salsi, P. Tran, G. Charlet and S. Bigo, "1-Tb/s transceiver spanning over just three 50-GHz frequency slots for long-haul systems," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), pp. 1–3, London, UK, Sep. 2013
  87. R. Dischler and L. Schmalen, "Transmission of a 1.1 Tb/s super channel in 100 GHz optical bandwidth based on PM-256 QAM and spatially coupled FEC," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), pp. 1–3, London, UK, Sep. 2013
  88. M. Salsi, A. Ghazisaeidi, P. Tran, R. Muller, L. Schmalen, J. Renaudier, H. Mardoyan, P. Brindel, G. Charlet and S. Bigo, "31 Tb/s transmission over 7,200 km using 46 Gbaud PDM-8QAM with optimized error correcting code rate," Proc. Opto-Electron. Commun. Conf. (OECC), pp. PD3-5, Kyoto, Japan, Jun. 2013
  89. F. Buchali, K. Schuh, L. Schmalen, W. Idler, E. Lach and A. Leven, "1-Tbit/s dual-carrier DP 64QAM transmission at 64Gbaud with 40\% overhead soft-FEC over 320km SSMF," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), pp. OTh4E–3, Anaheim, CA, USA, Mar. 2013
  90. L. Schmalen and S. ten Brink, "Combining spatially coupled LDPC codes with modulation and detection," Proc. Int. ITG Conf. on Systems, Communications and Channel Coding (SCC), pp. 1–6, Munich, Germany, Jan. 2013
  91. L. Schmalen, M. Adrat, T. Clevorn and P. Vary, "Windowed iterative source-channel decoding with delay constraints," Proc. Int. Symp. Turbo Codes and Iterative Inform. Process. (ISTC), pp. 16–20, Gothenburg, Sweden, Aug. 2012
  92. L. Schmalen, S. ten Brink and A. Leven, "Analysis and optimization of iteration schedules for LDPC coded modulation and detection," Proc. Int. Symp. Turbo Codes and Iterative Inform. Process. (ISTC), pp. 210–214, Gothenburg, Sweden, Aug. 2012
  93. S. ten Brink, A. Leven and L. Schmalen, "FEC and soft decision: Concept and directions," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), pp. OW1H–5, Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 2012
  94. L. Schmalen and R. Dischler, "Experimental evaluation of coded modulation for a coherent PDM system with high spectral efficiency," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), pp. 1–3, Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 2012
  95. F. Buchali, K. Schuh, D. Rösener, E. Lach, R. Dischler, W. Idler, L. Schmalen, A. Leven, R. Braun, A. Ehrhardt, C. Gerlach and L. Schürer, "512-Gb/s DP-16-QAM field trial over 734 km installed SSMF with co-propagating 10 Gb/s NRZ neighbors incorporating soft-FEC decoding," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC), pp. OW4C–4, Los Angeles, CA, USA, Mar. 2012
  96. L. Schmalen, S. ten Brink, G. Lechner and A. Leven, "On threshold prediction of low-density parity-check codes with structure," Conf. Inform. Sciences Syst. (CISS), pp. 1–5, Princeton, NJ, USA, Mar. 2012
  97. Y. Chen, L. Schmalen, H. Bülow, A. Leven and S. Ten Brink, "Space-time coding schemes for optical MIMO," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC), pp. Tu–6, Geneva, Switzerland, Sep. 2011
  98. L. Schmalen, M. Tschauner, T. Breddermann and P. Vary, "Novel iterative multiple description coding for correlated sources," Proc. Eur. Signal Process. Conf. (EUSIPCO), pp. 2094–2098, Barcelona, Spain, Aug. 2011
  99. M. Beermann, L. Schmalen and P. Vary, "Improved decoding of binary and non-binary LDPC codes by probabilistic shuffled belief propagation," Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun. (ICC), pp. 1–5, Kyoto, Japan, Jun. 2011
  100. L. Schmalen and P. Vary, "Reconstruction of Multiple Descriptions by MMSE Estimation," Proc. ITG Conf. Speech Communication, Bochum, Germany, Oct. 2010
  101. L. Schmalen, P. Vary, T. Clevorn and M. Adrat, "Turbo source compression with jointly optimized inner irregular and outer irregular codes," Proc. IEEE Vehicular Technology Conf. (VTC-Fall), pp. 1–5, Ottawa, Canada, Sep. 2010
  102. M. Adrat, M. Antweiler, L. Schmalen, P. Vary and T. Clevorn, "On the overshooting effect in EXIT charts of iterative source-channel decoding," Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun. (ICC), pp. 1–5, Cape Town, South Africa, May. 2010
  103. T. Clevorn, L. Schmalen, P. Vary and M. Adrat, "Hybrid ARQ with Incremental Redundant Index Assignments for Iterative Source-Channel Decoding," Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun. (ICC), pp. 1–5, Cape Town, South Africa, May. 2010
  104. L. Schmalen, T. Schlien and P. Vary, "The flexcode source-channel coding approach for audio and speech transmission," Proc. Int. ITG Conf. on Source and Channel Coding (SCC), pp. 1–6, Siegen, Germany, Jan. 2010
  105. L. Schmalen and P. Vary, "Error resilient turbo compression of source codec parameters using inner irregular codes," Proc. Int. ITG Conf. on Source and Channel Coding (SCC), pp. 1–6, Siegen, Germany, Jan. 2010
  106. H. Lüders, B. Eschbach, L. Schmalen and P. Vary, "OFDM Turbo DeCodulation with exit optimized bit loading and signal constellations," Proc. Int. Conf. Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Process.(ICASSP), pp. 2589–2592, Taipei, Taiwan, Apr. 2009
  107. L. Schmalen and P. Vary, "Near-lossless compression and protection by turbo source-channel (de-) coding using irregular index assignments," Proc. Int. Conf. Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Process.(ICASSP), pp. 2485–2488, Taipei, Taiwan, Apr. 2009
  108. L. Schmalen, P. Vary and M. Adrat, "Reduced-Search Source Decoders for Iterative Source-Channel Decoding," Proc. ITG Conf. Speech Communication, pp. 1–4, Aachen, Germany, Oct. 2008
  109. T. Clevorn, L. Schmalen, P. Vary and M. Adrat, "Iterative Source-Channel Decoding: Design of Redundant Index Assignments," Proc. ITG Conf. Speech Communication, pp. 1–4, Aachen, Germany, Oct. 2008
  110. L. Schmalen, B. Schotsch, M. Jeub, P. Vary and T. Clevorn, "The FlexCode Channel Coding Approach," Proc. ITG Conf. Speech Communication, pp. 1–4, Aachen, Germany, Oct. 2008
  111. L. Schmalen, P. Vary, M. Adrat and T. Clevorn, "Complexity-reduced iterative source-channel decoding by conditional quantization," Proc. Int. Symp. Turbo Codes and Iterative Inform. Process. (ISTC), pp. 327–332, Lausanne, Switzerland, Sep. 2008
  112. R. Thobaben, L. Schmalen and P. Vary, "Joint source-channel coding with inner irregular codes," Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. Inform. Theory (ISIT), pp. 1153–1157, Toronto, Canada, Jul. 2008
  113. B. Schotsch, L. Schmalen, P. Vary and T. Clevorn, "Graph-Based Turbo DeCodulation with LDPC Codes," Proc. IEEE Vehicular Technology Conf. (VTC-Spring), pp. 772–776, Singapore, May. 2008
  114. L. Schmalen, P. Vary, T. Clevorn and B. Schotsch, "Efficient iterative source-channel decoding using irregular index assignments," Proc. Int. ITG Conf. on Source and Channel Coding (SCC), pp. 1–6, Ulm, Germany, Jan. 2008
  115. H. Lüders, L. Schmalen and P. Vary, "Approximating EXIT Characteristics of Soft Demodulators in OFDM BICM-ID Systems for Time Variant Frequency Selective Fading Channels," Proc. Int. ITG Conf. on Source and Channel Coding (SCC), pp. 1–6, Ulm, Germany, Jan. 2008
  116. L. Schmalen, T. Clevorn and P. Vary, "Iterative source-coded equalization: turbo error concealment for ISI channels," Proc. IEEE Workshop Signal Process. Advances in Wireless Commun.(SPAWC), pp. 1–5, Helsinki, Finland, Jun. 2007
  117. L. Schmalen, P. Vary, M. Adrat and T. Clevorn, "On the EXIT Characteristics of Feed Forward Convolutional Codes," Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. Inform. Theory (ISIT), pp. 2686–2690, Nice, France, Jun. 2007
  118. T. Clevorn, L. Schmalen, P. Vary and M. Adrat, "On the optimum performance theoretically attainable for scalarly quantized correlated sources," Proc. Int. Symp. Inform. Theory Appl.(ISITA), Seoul, South Korea, Oct. 2006
  119. T. Clevorn, B. Schotsch, L. Schmalen, P. Vary and M. Adrat, "Separation of recursive convolutional codes into sub-codes using Galois field arithmetic," Conf. Inform. Sciences Syst. (CISS), pp. 245–245, Princeton, NJ, USA, Mar. 2006
  120. L. Schmalen and M. Adrat, "An Iterative, Turbo-like Approach to Convolutional Decoding," 9th International Student Conference on Electrical Engineering (POSTER 2005), Prague, Czech Republic, May. 2005